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Energy-Efficient Transmission of Wavelet-Based Images in Wireless Sensor Networks

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Abstract

We propose a self-adaptive image transmission scheme driven by energy efficiency considerations in order to be suitable for wireless sensor networks. It is based on wavelet image transform and semireliable transmission to achieve energy conservation. Wavelet image transform provides data decomposition in multiple levels of resolution, so the image can be divided into packets with different priorities. Semireliable transmission enables priority-based packet discarding by intermediate nodes according to their battery's state-of-charge. Such an image transmission approach provides a graceful tradeoff between the reconstructed images quality and the sensor nodes' lifetime. An analytical study in terms of dissipated energy is performed to compare the self-adaptive image transmission scheme to a fully reliable scheme. Since image processing is computationally intensive and operates on a large data set, the cost of the wavelet image transform is considered in the energy consumption analysis. Results show up to 80% reduction in the energy consumption achieved by our proposal compared to a nonenergy-aware one, with the guarantee for the image quality to be lower-bounded.

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Correspondence to Vincent Lecuire.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Energy Consumption
  • Image Quality
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Sensor Node
  • Wireless Sensor Network