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Table 5 Comparison of clustering algorithms on \(\mathcal {D}_{5}\)

From: A fast source-oriented image clustering method for digital forensics

Algorithms 1024×1024   512×512   512×256  
  \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\)
SC [31] 0.03 0.64 0.06 0.00 0.03 0.17 0.94 0.29 0.04 0.09 0.36 0.80 0.50 0.15 0.24
HC [34] 0.46 0.65 0.54 0.22 0.50 0.81 0.31 0.45 0.65 1.72 0.78 0.15 0.26 0.44 3.35
SNNC [43] 0.47 0.27 0.34 0.24 1.08 0.44 0.20 0.28 0.21 1.38 0.35 0.14 0.20 0.10 1.55
NCUT [45] 0.89 0.13 0.23 0.58 4.68 0.73 0.18 0.29 0.51 2.77 0.58 0.19 0.29 0.36 2.01
MRF [49] 0.60 0.54 0.57 0.29 0.70 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.24 0.62 0.43 0.57 0.49 0.16 0.49
Proposed 0.88 0.79 0.83 0.79 0.74 0.74 0.76 0.75 0.58 0.61 0.63 0.65 0.64 0.40 0.58