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Table 4 Comparison of clustering algorithms on \(\mathcal {D}_{4}\)

From: A fast source-oriented image clustering method for digital forensics

Algorithms 1024×1024   512×512   512×256  
  \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\)
SC [31] 0.03 0.64 0.06 0.00 0.04 0.18 0.94 0.30 0.05 0.14 0.37 0.83 0.52 0.17 0.36
HC [34] 0.51 0.65 0.57 0.23 0.76 0.83 0.30 0.44 0.65 2.66 0.79 0.16 0.26 0.44 4.66
SNNC [43] 0.48 0.29 0.36 0.26 1.52 0.44 0.19 0.27 0.20 2.08 0.33 0.13 0.19 0.09 2.26
NCUT [45] 0.88 0.13 0.23 0.55 6.32 0.71 0.20 0.31 0.48 3.34 0.59 0.23 0.33 0.40 2.28
MRF [49] 0.63 0.56 0.59 0.31 1.04 0.56 0.54 0.55 0.26 0.94 0.51 0.55 0.53 0.22 0.86
Proposed 0.90 0.77 0.83 0.81 1.10 0.74 0.76 0.75 0.58 0.86 0.64 0.65 0.64 0.39 0.86