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Table 3 Comparison of clustering algorithms on \(\mathcal {D}_{3}\)

From: A fast source-oriented image clustering method for digital forensics

Algorithms 1024×1024   512×512   512×256  
  \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\)
SC [31] 0.10 1.00 0.18 0.06 0.10 0.17 0.94 0.29 0.09 0.18 0.41 0.72 0.52 0.20 0.56
HC [34] 0.71 0.50 0.58 0.44 1.44 0.81 0.21 0.33 0.52 3.92 0.76 0.13 0.22 0.31 5.94
SNNC [43] 0.45 0.26 0.32 0.23 1.74 0.35 0.15 0.21 0.11 2.34 0.30 0.12 0.17 0.07 2.50
NCUT [45] 0.92 0.13 0.22 0.52 7.30 0.72 0.14 0.24 0.37 4.96 0.53 0.15 0.23 0.25 3.58
MRF [49] 0.51 0.47 0.49 0.21 1.08 0.44 0.45 0.44 0.15 0.96 0.32 0.47 0.38 0.11 0.68
Proposed 0.87 0.75 0.80 0.74 1.16 0.68 0.64 0.66 0.48 1.06 0.52 0.47 0.49 0.16 1.10