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Table 1 Comparison of clustering algorithms on \(\mathcal {D}_{1}\)

From: A fast source-oriented image clustering method for digital forensics

Algorithms 1024×1024   512×512   512×256  
  \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\) \(\mathcal {P}\) \(\mathcal {R}\) \(\mathcal {F}\) \(\mathcal {A}\) \(\mathcal {N}\)
SC [31] 0.36 0.99 0.53 0.27 0.36 0.23 0.94 0.36 0.08 0.24 0.25 0.88 0.39 0.10 0.28
HC [34] 0.71 0.57 0.63 0.54 1.24 0.94 0.18 0.30 0.72 5.20 0.87 0.10 0.19 0.49 8.40
SNNC [43] 0.90 0.48 0.63 0.77 1.88 0.63 0.23 0.34 0.42 2.68 0.59 0.19 0.29 0.35 3.08
NCUT [45] 0.86 0.16 0.27 0.65 5.44 0.73 0.24 0.36 0.51 3.08 0.68 0.24 0.36 0.48 2.80
MRF [49] 0.96 0.43 0.60 0.87 2.24 0.82 0.41 0.55 0.62 2.00 0.78 0.65 0.71 0.60 1.20
Proposed 0.99 0.80 0.88 0.93 1.24 0.93 0.83 0.88 0.84 1.12 0.86 0.72 0.78 0.72 1.20