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Table 2 16PF traits’ prediction accuracy and average processing times for intra-subject tests

From: Predicting the Sixteen Personality Factors (16PF) of an individual by analyzing facial features

Type of training samples Controlled Controlled Controlled Random Random Random Controlled Random Controlled + random
Type of test samples Controlled Controlled Controlled Random Random Random Random Controlled Controlled + random
No. of training samples/no. of test samples 12/24 18/18 24/12 12/18 18/12 24/6 36/30 30/36 44/22
Prediction accuracy (%) Warmth 77.32 ± 0.51 79.44 ± 0.43 81.34 ± 0.34 70.21 ± 0.81 74.36 ± 0.78 77.27 ± 0.68 81 ± 0.42 75.35 ± 0.85 80.21 ± 0.41
Reasoning 71.23 ± 0.42 72.25 ± 0.51 73.15 ± 0.52 63.52 ± 0.73 66.45 ± 0.68 67.26 ± 0.65 71.96 ± 0.46 65.45 ± 0.94 70.34 ± 0.48
Emotional stability 79.33 ± 0.33 80.36 ± 0.32 82.54 ± 0.34 71.33 ± 0.74 76.44 ± 0.67 79.35 ± 0.56 82.25 ± 0.38 66.44 ± 0.78 80.13 ± 0.42
Dominance 71.04 ± 0.21 71.14 ± 0.44 72.13 ± 0.45 63.35 ± 0.72 66.43 ± 0.65 67.25 ± 0.55 71.65 ± 0.55 65.35 ± 1.02 70.32 ± 0.48
Liveliness 79.32 ± 0.41 80.23 ± 0.35 81.12 ± 0.38 72.43 ± 0.72 76.31 ± 0.65 78 ± 0.58 80.44 ± 0.45 74.92 ± 0.91 79.04 ± 0.42
Rule consciousness 70.04 ± 0.33 73.34 ± 0.43 75.44 ± 0.32 68.55 ± 0.74 70.23 ± 0.62 72.14 ± 0.53 74.46 ± 0.35 68.34 ± 0.72 72.53 ± 0.36
Social boldness 80.95 ± 0.34 81.13 ± 0.35 84.45 ± 0.21 76.44 ± 0.65 78.14 ± 0.56 80.25 ± 0.48 83.36 ± 0.31 77.23 ± 0.63 82.03 ± 0.28
Sensitivity 82.23 ± 0.32 83.35 ± 0.42 85.04 ± 0.26 74.34 ± 0.67 78.32 ± 0.58 81.35 ± 0.49 84.24 ± 0.25 77.54 ± 0.52 82.34 ± 0.32
Vigilance 78.95 ± 0.33 79.47 ± 0.35 80.13 ± 0.32 71.23 ± 0.71 74.51 ± 0.62 76.85 ± 0.57 79.25 ± 0.46 73.65 ± 0.85 78.45 ± 0.37
Abstractedness 65.84 ± 0.44 66.48 ± 0.45 67.55 ± 0.45 60.05 ± 0.65 60.23 ± 0.56 62.56 ± 0.65 65.05 ± 0.55 60.33 ± 0.92 63.44 ± 0.51
Privateness 66.05 ± 0.34 67.24 ± 0.52 68.54 ± 0.43 59.14 ± 0.83 59.35 ± 0.72 60.33 ± 0.65 64.35 ± 0.54 59.23 ± 0.85 62.53 ± 0.53
Apprehension 67.44 ± 0.45 68.26 ± 0.45 70.23 ± 0.37 61.33 ± 0.71 63.44 ± 0.62 66.53 ± 0.54 69.14 ± 0.43 63.44 ± 0.65 67.95 ± 0.35
Openness to change 61.23 ± 0.54 62.58 ± 0.56 64.34 ± 0.37 55.37 ± 0.52 58.25 ± 0.46 60.22 ± 0.36 63.24 ± 0.42 56.22 ± 0.85 61.42 ± 0.37
Self-reliance 60.65 ± 0.62 61.17 ± 0.43 62.13 ± 0.34 56.66 ± 0.53 58.23 ± 0.44 58.41 ± 0.34 61.14 ± 0.38 56.51 ± 0.75 58.23 ± 0.42
Perfectionism 60.43 ± 0.43 61.24 ± 0.55 62.02 ± 0.32 56.35 ± 0.48 58.12 ± 0.36 59.53 ± 0.35 61.43 ± 0.52 56.63 ± 0.93 60.24 ± 0.35
Tension 74.44 ± 0.52 75.54 ± 0.46 76.54 ± 0.41 65.25 ± 0.61 68.35 ± 0.62 70.24 ± 0.54 75.55 ± 0.65 70.34 ± 1.12 69.11 ± 0.44
Avg. processing time (s) 30 31 30 42 44 40 30 32 50