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Table 1 AUs’ classification rates for different cross-database tests

From: Predicting the Sixteen Personality Factors (16PF) of an individual by analyzing facial features

Training database MMI [67] MMI [67] CK+ [44] CK+ [44] JAFFE [45] JAFFE [45]
Test database CK+ [44] JAFFE [45] MMI [67] JAFFE [45] MMI [67] CK+ [44]
AU1 (classification rate) [%] 94.31 ± 0.54 90.23 ± 0.61 91.01 ± 0.51 90.51 ± 0.81 90.31 ± 0.95 90.71 ± 1.05
AU2 (classification rate) [%] 95.41 ± 0.41 91.24 ± 0.62 93.23 ± 0.42 92.43 ± 0.62 93.22 ± 0.43 92.13 ± 0.51
AU4 (classification rate) [%] 96.40 ± 0.64 91.32 ± 0.83 95.02 ± 0.63 92.33 ± 0.83 92.23 ± 0.75 91.43 ± 0.62
AU5 (classification rate) [%] 97.41 ± 0.33 92.34 ± 0.44 91.33 ± 0.44 92.14 ± 0.45 91.44 ± 0.52 91.52 ± 0.75
AU6 (classification rate) [%] 93.62 ± 0.32 91.46 ± 0.45 92.43 ± 0.21 91.34 ± 0.58 92.21 ± 0.65 91.11 ± 0.74
AU7 (classification rate) [%] 94.42 ± 0.42 94.27 ± 0.46 92.04 ± 0.34 91.13 ± 0.33 91.11 ± 0.45 92.14 ± 0.55
AU10 (classification rate) [%] 93.11 ± 0.41 91.21 ± 0.34 91.54 ± 0.32 91.31 ± 0.25 91.52 ± 0.42 91.24 ± 0.54
AU11 (classification rate) [%] 95.23 ± 0.32 92.12 ± 0.63 91.13 ± 0.35 93.21 ± 0.35 92.11 ± 0.48 91.12 ± 0.65
AU12 (classification rate) [%] 93.21 ± 0.24 92.12 ± 0.52 91.22 ± 0.38 93.20 ± 0.38 90.11 ± 0.44 90.41 ± 0.55
AU14 (classification rate) [%] 94.24 ± 0.25 91.23 ± 0.31 91.33 ± 0.41 92.22 ± 0.35 94.53 ± 0.45 93.23 ± 0.56
AU15 (classification rate) [%] 94.34 ± 0.26 92.35 ± 0.42 91.15 ± 0.47 92.20 ± 0.57 91.44 ± 0.73 93.25 ± 0.83
AU16 (classification rate) [%] 94.23 ± 0.47 92.22 ± 0.63 93.22 ± 0.48 94.32 ± 0.67 92.22 ± 0.76 94.32 ± 0.82
AU17 (classification rate) [%] 95.12 ± 0.33 91.23 ± 0.51 94.12 ± 0.51 90.53 ± 0.71 91.34 ± 0.6 92.01 ± 0.75
AU18 (classification rate) [%] 93.21 ± 0.26 91.53 ± 0.52 92.41 ± 0.44 91.34 ± 0.52 93.27 ± 0.56 92.22 ± 0.65
AU20 (classification rate) [%] 94.44 ± 0.23 93.35 ± 0.54 92.25 ± 0.44 92.53 ± 0.44 92.58 ± 0.55 92.11 ± 0.61
AU22 (classification rate) [%] 95.32 ± 0.32 94.12 ± 0.62 94.43 ± 0.58 94 ± 0.78 92.26 ± 0.95 90.65 ± 0.85
AU23 (classification rate) [%] 97.31 ± 0.41 93.23 ± 0.41 92.32 ± 0.42 92.34 ± 0.76 92.54 ± 0.75 92.43 ± 0.82
AU24 (classification rate) [%] 94.14 ± 0.33 92.15 ± 0.52 91.33 ± 0.42 91.44 ± 0.64 90.95 ± 0.65 90.53 ± 0.73
AU25 (classification rate) [%] 93.33 ± 0.45 91.32 ± 0.51 91.75 ± 0.44 92.11 ± 0.74 92.01 ± 0.75 91.32 ± 0.82
AU28 (classification rate) [%] 95.32 ± 0.36 93.23 ± 0.45 93.44 ± 0.35 92.12 ± 0.78 91.22 ± 0.85 91.41 ± 0.83
AU33 (classification rate) [%] 94.24 ± 0.22 92.15 ± 0.57 92.32 ± 0.47 92.33 ± 0.75 93.14 ± 0.82 92.13 ± 0.84
AU34 (classification rate) [%] 94.22 ± 0.41 92.23 ± 0.55 92.31 ± 0.45 93.31 ± 0.65 91.23 ± 0.73 91.45 ± 0.78
AU35 (classification rate) [%] 95.41 ± 0.34 95.24 ± 0.43 93.42 ± 0.34 95.51 ± 0.65 92.45 ± 0.72 93.22 ± 0.75
AU43 (classification rate) [%] 96.24 ± 0.21 93.25 ± 0.62 92.35 ± 0.52 91.33 ± 0.85 92.46 ± 0.83 95.45 ± 0.9
AU45 (classification rate) [%] 95.35 ± 0.41 93.21 ± 0.81 92.58 ± 0.58 91.21 ± 0.95 95.01 ± 0.92 94.21 ± 0.72